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Does Pilates breath inspire dance?

Posted By Adriano Bittar on behalf of the IADMS Dance Educators’ Committee, Wednesday, November 7, 2018

Following on from the exciting and intriguing posts from Christine Bergeron (How effective is Pilates as an additional training program for dancers?), and Jennifer Deckert (Breath: A Back-To-School Basic), the focus here is on Pilates and breath, specifically touching upon how they influence the performance of ballet.

The basis for discussion in this post comes from a study that investigated the effects of Fletcher Pilates® in the respiratory systems of young female ballet dancers from a public dance school. This study was presented as a poster at the IADMS 27th Annual Conference in Houston, USA1, and published in Brazil2.

 

BREATH in SCIENCE and DANCE

It is well reported by exercise physiologists and physiotherapists3,4 that breath plays an important role in providing the body with the necessary energy for daily living. Dancers, such as Duncan, Wigman, Humphrey and Graham also used breath to let the body access its full vibrant potency for artistic expression5. The presence of oxygen enables metabolic reactions and processes to take place, transforming nutrients into chemicals that provide energy in the cells (adenosine triphosphate, ATP) and the release of waste products.

Research tells us that breathing is a frequent movement dysfunction in human beings6,7. The shape of the diaphragm which is the primary muscle in inhalation, affects most body systems, because of its anatomical insertions and connections inside the body. You can find useful descriptions and diagrams of the diaphragm here. Postural modifications can indirectly challenge ventilation (breathing), while coordinated diaphragm contraction may contribute to control of the trunk8,9,10. This is one of the reasons why the placement of the neck, shoulder girdle, ribs and spine can be disrupted by bad breathing. The opposite could also be true: misalignment of the body can cause bad breathing. Therefore, applying good breathing principles to our daily living should turn into a regular practice inside and outside the dance studio.

In training, dancers aren’t often educated on how to optimize breathing and the function of their respiratory systems. Even though ballet dancers frequently take Pilates that teaches breath as a basis for body control, breath is not usually used consciously while they dance1. Often ballet dancers are encouraged to not let the audience see them fatigue, to keep the breath steady and to not belly breathe.

Science is starting to understand the benefits of the use of breath and there are lots of reasons why optimizing breathing might lead to optimized performance when dancing too. Dysfunctional breathing has been linked to health problems such as low back pain, anxiety, panic disorder and mood swings, not to mention decreased pain thresholds and impaired motor control, balance, and movement11, 12. Yoga and martial arts have used different breathing patterns, such as the parceling of air in and out in fractions, or holding the breath, that are practiced to boost better overall health. Western medicine has used breath as well, to improve health and sleep, manage anxiety and control energy levels13. Deep diaphragmatic breathing slows heart rate and blood pressure, especially in times of performance anxiety14. What makes it all even more fascinating is that dancers could use breathing techniques to reprogram their brains, modify breathing behavior, and break inappropriate breathing habits. Research has shown that a better rhythm of breathing could coordinate activity across brain regions associated with smell, memory, and emotions, enhancing their functioning. In dance, this would allow for a greater capacity to learn and perform, as breathing would organize activity of multiple brain regions to help orchestrate complex behaviors15.

What would be the results of training dancers to understand the relevance of correct muscle activation and mechanics of breathing in daily activities and at work? What would it take to teach them to “move from breath”, so to understand the anatomy, physiology, functions and dysfunctions of breathing? Would they be able to add that other layer of perception to dancing? Have a look at Roger Fiametti’s “Respiration Totale” animation here to aid dancers’ understanding. Would it help to recuperate from their fatiguing routines? Would it also be of help to control posture, enhance performance and bring three-dimensional awareness to movement? These seem to be important questions that need explanation.

FLETCHER PILATES®: breath used consciously

Ron Fletcher (1921 - 2011), an American Pilates elder, ex-Graham dancer and choreographer, developed Fletcher Pilates®/FP, the Fletcher FundamentalsTM/FF and the Fletcher Percussive BreathTM/FPB after more than 22 years (1948 - 1970) of non-continuous studies with Joseph and Clara Pilates. Of all the Pilates elders, just Ron taught this breath, as he thought it would better inform his students of the coordination used while breathing. Ron devoted his life to the understanding of human movement, the use of breath, and the coordination and rhythmic motions of the body. You can find out more about Ron Fletcher and the Fletcher Percussive Breath here.

In the FPB, after a deep inhalation, with air being directed to the lateral ribs and to the front and back of the chest, air is blown out through the back of the teeth, providing awareness, resistance and more muscle engagement16. For more information about Fletcher Pilates, click here. Volume and control are key in the FPB, and aspects of breath such as rhythm, regularity, timing and direction are also important. Fletcher believes the breath should be seen happening in the body, as many body parts move when it is done correctly: “Let the breath inspire the movement. Every body can be improved, inside and outside, because the body potential is hardly ever realized. Body Contrology uses the total person. It is movement that demands thought with spirit with breath with body. One supporting the other”17. Body Contrology refers to the name given by Pilates to his method and later on, known by his surname, Pilates.

It has been evidenced by early research in diverse populations 16,18,19,20,21 that FP and the FPB can increase breathing capacity and lung function, maintain abdominal support of the lumbar spine, improve thoracic spinal mobilization and function and restore optimal posture.

Therefore, would Fletcher Percussive BreathTM/FPB, created by Ron Fletcher, from Fletcher Pilates®, prove to be useful to young ballet dancers, in order to allow for better use of their respiratory systems?

AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH TO USING BREATH IN BALLET

An experimental study evaluated 15 female adolescent ballet dancers from a public professional dance school in Brazil. The dancers were injury-free and were already taking ballet classes and/or rehearsing for at least 5 years, for 15 hours per week or more.

They took part in a specific training program with the FP method, that focused on the teaching of the FPB and FF in standing, in 1-hour long classes, for 4 weeks, twice per week whilst continuing their normal dance classes and rehearsals. Dancers were tested before and after the experiment for expansibility of the lower area of the trunk, specifically the thoraco-abdominal region; maximal exhaling time; and muscle strength when breathing in (inspiratory strength).

This study found that the ballet dancers improved their thoracoabdominal expansibility, better coordinating the rhythm of their in and out-breath. The inspiratory strength improved significantly to almost double after the study.

 

CONCLUSIONS

 

FP and the FPB had a very positive effect on the breathing patterns of young female ballet dancers, influencing positively the mechanics of the breath and the respiratory muscle strength.

Breathing techniques could play a major role in aiding breathing function amongst young dancers learning ballet. Teachers can incorporate breathing techniques into their classes. Research of different breathing strategies used in the ballet class, before or during performance may highlight other practical aspects concerning the use of the breath in dance and help young dancers to evolve in their art form.

 

INTERESTED IN LEARNING MORE?

Of all the references given, start off with:

1.     Calais-Germain, B. Anatomy of Breath. Seattle, WY: Eastland Press, 2006. An excellent book on the A&P of breath.

2.     Roger Fiammetti’s “Respiration Totale” animation, available here.  This video will give you an overview of how breath works inside the body.

3.     Information on the FPB and FP can be found here.

4.     Find out more about Fletcher Pilates at www.fletcherpilates.com.

REFERENCES

1.     BITTAR, A.; MELO, R.; NOLETO, R.; LEMOS, T. The effects of Fletcher Pilates® in the respiratory systems of young female ballet dancers from a public dance school. In: IADMS 27th Annual Conference, 2017, Houston, TX. , p. 78.

2.     MELO, R.; NOLETO, R.; BITTAR, A.; LEMOS, T. As Influências da Respiração Percussiva Fletcher® nas Mobilidades Torácicas e Abdominal, Força e Coordenação Respiratórias em Bailarinas Jovens de Uma Escola Pública de Dança de Goiânia. MOVIMENTA, V. 11, n. 1,  p. 20-34, 2018.

3.     CALAIS-GERMAIN, B. Anatomy of Breath. Seattle, WY: Eastland Press, 2006.

4.     HALL, J. Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology (13th edition). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, 2016.

5.     SUQUET, Annie. O Corpo Dançante: um laboratório de percepção. In: COURTINE, Jean-Jacques; CORBIN, Alain; VIGARELLO, Georges. História do Corpo: 3. As mutações do olhar: O século XX. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2008.

6.     BORDONI, B.; ZANIER, E. Anatomic connections of the diaphragm: influence of respiration on the body system. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2013; 6: 281-291.

7.     BORDONI, B.; PURGOL, S.; BIZZARRI, A.; MODICA, M.; MORABITO, B. The Influence of Breathing on the Central Nervous System. Cureus. 2018; 10(6): e2724.

8.     HODGES, P.; RICHARDSON, C. Relationship between limb movement speed and associated contraction of the trunk muscles. Ergonomics, v. 40, p. 220-1230, 1997.

9.     HODGES, P.; GANDEIVA, S. Activation of the human diaphragm during a repetitive postural task. J Physiol Lond, v. 522, p. 165-175, 2000.

10.  HODGES P.; GANDEIVA S. Changes in intra-abdominal pressure during postural and respiratory activation of the human diaphragm. J Appl Physiol, v. 89, p. 967-976, 2000a.

11.  KIESEL, K.; RHODES, T.; MUELLER, J.; WANINGER, A.; BUTLER, R. Development of a Screening Protocol to Identify Individuals with Dysfunctional Breathing. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Oct; 12(5): p. 774–786.

12.  KUVAČIĆ, G.; FRATINI, P.; PADULO, J.; ANTONIO, D.; DE GIORGIO, A. Effectiveness of yoga and educational intervention on disability, anxiety, depression, and pain in people with CLBP: a randomized controlled trial. Complementary therapies in clinical practice31, 262-267, 2018.

13.  MCLAUGHLIN, L.; GOLDSMITH, C.; COLEMAN, K. Breathing evaluation and retraining as an adjunct to manual therapy. Man Ther. 2011; 16(1): p. 51-52.

14.  RAYMOND, J.; SAJID, I.; PARKINSON, L.; GRUZELIER, J. Biofeedback and dance performance: a preliminary investigation. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, v. 30, n. 1, p. 65-73, 2005.

15.  ZELANO, C.; JIANG, H. ZHOU, G.; ARORA, N.; SCHUELE, S.; ROSENOW, J.; GOTTFRIED, J. Nasal Respiration Entrains Human Limbic Oscillations and Modulates Cognitive Function. Journal of Neuroscience. 36 (49) 12448-12467, 2016.

16.  BITTAR, A.; JUBÉ, L.; HANCOCK, C.; PAIVA, T.; SABIN, K. The effects of Fletcher Towelwork® in women with breast cancer: clinical trial. PMA Conference, Phoenix, 2016.

17.  FLETCHER PILATES, 2018. Retrieved from .

18.  VOLÚ, A.; NORA, F.; BITTAR, A. The Importance of Fletcher Towelwork® in Decreasing Shoulder Pain of a Paraplegic bound to a Wheelchair: case study. MOVIMENTA. vol. 7, n. 3, 2014.

19.  SILVA, G.; RIBEIRO, C.; BITTAR, A. Efeitos do método Fletcher Matwork® na expansibilidade torácica. Artigo de esp. - PUCGO, GYN; 2014.

20.  SILVA, G.; RIBEIRO, C.; BITTAR, A. The Sub-acute Effects of the Fletcher Pilates® Mat on a Group of PE from Athletics Fitness Center. Post-graduation in Pilates, monograph, PUC/GO, 2014a.

21.  SILVA, M.; DIAS, K.; BITTAR, A. The Effects of Fletcher Towelwork® in the Peripheral Muscle Strength and Thoracic Extension of Dentists. Summary II International Fletcher Pilates® Conference. Tucson/USA, 2015.

 

 

Adriano Bittar - PT, PhD, State Uni of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil; Brazil-United Kingdom Dance Medicine & Science Network, adriano@studioabittar.com

 

 

 

Tags:  breath  breathing  pilates 

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2018 Dance Educator Award Winner - Stevie Oakes

Posted By IADMS Dance Educators' Committee, Sunday, October 28, 2018

Congratulations to our Dance Educator Award winner - Stevie Oakes! While she couldn't join us in Helsinki this year, check out this awesome video taken by her students of her being presented the award!

 

 

Tags:  IADMS Dance Educator Award 

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Getting ready for IADMS 2018

Posted By Nicola Stephens, Monday, October 22, 2018

 

It’s nearly time for IADMS 2018 and I am getting excited. I’ve got tape packed for the shin-pain workshop I am presenting with my fantastic colleague Amanda, who is just starting out on her dance medicine career. Encouraging her to come along and co-present got me reflecting upon my years of being an IADMS member. Helsinki is the 8th IADMS I have attended, and this year both my husband and daughter will be coming with me. We are planning a sightseeing break around the conference, so any tips on must see sights, especially with an 8-year-old in tow would be welcome. The two of them intend to hunt for Moomins whilst I work. 


My first IADMS was 19 years ago when I, like Amanda, was just embarking on a career in dance medicine. At this first conference I met many people passionate about the need to enable the healthier dancer and remember feeling excited to be able to hear all these amazing speakers, and humbled to talk to them afterwards. I received so much encouragement which helped me forward my career and I came away from Tring (IADMS 1999) having found my tribe! Oh, and my future husband…


Hence, IADMS is a special place for us as Leon and I did meet at our first IADMS. We bonded over frisbee on the lawn (ooops…sorry, yes, those footprints in the dew were ours!) and water fights at midnight in the corridors of the boarding school with other (now) quite prominent IADMS members. The infamous party night that year only had the DJ booked until 10pm. But a little whip around by my (now) husband enabled it to be extended it until late and a tradition was born. IADMS 2003 (Laban) formed part of our honeymoon, and our IADMS baby attended her first conference in 2010 (Birmingham). 


I’ve had the pleasure & privilege to present at 3 previous IADMS conferences and will be presenting again twice this year. It is through organisations such as IADMS that I have been able to network and make the connections that have made collaborations on research and best practice possible. I am so grateful for these opportunities and would say to any new IADMS members that the networking opportunities are as valuable, if not more so, that the actual conference content itself. Through IADMS I have made friends in all corners of the world, colleagues who I can call upon their expertise when needed and who in turn occasionally pick my brain too. And now with the app, it’s even easier to “speak” to someone, so even for the shy, or people who have a language barrier – the networking is made so much more accessible. You may even win a free conference place for next year by using the app like I did in Hong Kong! Who knows, it may even be the place to meet your future partner…?!!!


Anyhow, back to the packing. Our suitcase has to fit in 27 cuddly toys, warm clothes for 3 and make sure there’s space on the return journey for a Moomintroll or otherwise! Moominmama, it appears, I am not. Well, not today!     


See you all in Helsinki. Safe travels.    

Tags:  Annual Conference  IADMS family 

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IADMS 2018: Networking tips

Posted By IADMS Student Committee, Monday, October 15, 2018

Top tips for networking

 

As we approach our 28th Annual Conference, we’ve been putting together a few tips for networking that we hope will help you to feel confident in starting conversations and making new connections:

 

 

1.     Plan your attack. Look at the conference programme to get a feel of what’s happening when…and who will be where. This gives you a chance to make a (mental or physical) list of the sessions you’re interested in attending or the professionals you’re hoping to connect with. Once you have your list, do your research. You don’t have to conduct a full-fledged background check, but you should know enough about conference presenters, moderators, and attendees to easily strike up a conversation with them at any coffee break. (See the complete IADMS conference schedule here.)

 

 

2.     Have something to offer. A business card, a bold elevator speech, a snazzy outfit—give the people you meet something to remember you by. Tossing people squares of paper may seem like an antiquated way of exchanging contact information, especially in our LinkedIn era, but a well-crafted business card could set you apart from the crowd. If you don’t have a tangible representation of who you are, leave a lasting impression with confidence and style. It may seem cheesy, but practice introducing yourself into a mirror (or other inanimate object of your choosing) before you enter the conference space. Fashion a few words that make succinct who you are and what you’re currently interested in, and while you’re at it, piece together your wardrobe strategically. A tie tessellated with your alma-mater’s insignia or an intricately jewelled brooch picked up on your travels across Scotland could be an easy identifier and a perfect conversation-starter.

 

 

3.     Be the Question-Master. Questions are the functional spine of conferences, and for good reason. A well-crafted question that demonstrates deep understanding and genuine intrigue could spark the kind of dialogue gives rise to lifelong research collaborations. However, divining a good question on the spot can be daunting. When all seems to fail or an awkward silence shrouds a conversation, have a list of ready questions to pull from. For example, what’s an opportunity they wish they would’ve taken, what advice they would give when working in ____, or what first made them interested in____.

 

 

4.     Remember: Everyone is human. Whether you’re a young mind or a seasoned professional, you’ve probably experienced the trepidation and anxiety that comes with approaching a person to strike up a conversation that may lead to an exchange of contacts. But despite the advice presented here, you don’t necessarily have to open with a revolutionarily thought-provoking question or über-complimentary greeting. Sometimes, a simple “hi” and a smile will suffice. Even if you’re new to the conference scene, don’t underestimate the value of the knowledge you already have. Work with what you’ve got.

 

 

5.     Keep it fresh. Say your conversation did in fact lead to an exchange of contacts (hooray!), don’t let the opportunity pass. Try to send a follow-up “nice to meet you” email (or tweet or digital what-have-you) to those you hope to stay in contact with within 24 hours of meeting them. This ensures that you remain fresh in the contact’s mind and increases your likelihood for future communication.

 

 

We hope to make your visit in Helsinki as enjoyable as possible, if you are traveling from out of the country visit our facebook page to connect with others who are travelling: https://www.facebook.com/groups/IADMSstudents/ 

 

 

 

Tags:  Annual Conference 

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IADMS 2018: Preparing for the conference

Posted By IADMS Student Committee, Monday, October 15, 2018

Getting ready for the conference: Students and Young Professionals

The annual conference is fast approaching and it’s time to start making plans. This year the conference takes place in the exciting city of Helsinki, Finland. Here are a few things we’ve been thinking about in preparation for heading to Helsinki…

 

Connecting with other students

The IADMS annual conference offers a unique opportunity to connect with peers and professionals who specialise in dance medicine and science. Here’s our top tips on how to make the most of this opportunity…

 

Top tips

      Attend the student social – this is a great way to meet other students at the beginning of the conference even begins!

      Connect on social media! Check out our facebook page https://www.facebook.com/groups/IADMSstudents/ and connect with other students before you even get to the conference!

      Attend a roundtable – this can be a great way to meet other students and professionals in your area. There is also the student roundtable, an opportunity to discuss key issues with students in dance medicine and science

      Check out the student networking session – this session brings together professionals from a wide range of dance medicine and science disciplines and gives you an opportunity to meet peers in your research area and to get to know the professionals in your area too.

      Networking – put yourself out there and try to talk to as many new faces as possible. The IADMS conference is a great place to make new connections and to talk to professionals who are as passionate about dance science as you are!

      Introduce yourself to the Student Committee - we’re really friendly and love getting to know others who share our passions ☺We’ll have a table in the exhibit hall this year, pop by and say hello and hear about what the student committee are up to!

 

Getting the most out of the conference

In addition to connecting with other students and professionals you want to make sure that you get the most out of what’s on offer at the conference and in the city of Helsinki.

 

Top tips

      Attend a variety of sessions not just your main area and try to sit down with the conference schedule before you go and plan out the sessions you want to check out

      Be brave – ask questions during the sessions and get involved!

      If you don’t fancy asking questions during the formal sessions, attend a roundtable. The roundtable is a great opportunity to engage in discussion with a smaller group of people on a more specific topic.

      Make the most of your breaks – use this time to try to get to know new people at the conference.

      Make the most of any free time to explore the city – this is one of the perks of being a part of an international association!

 

Student Events

Getting involved with student events can really help you to make the most out of your time at the conference and the events we have on offer mean that you can get to know some new people right at the beginning of the conference!

 

Student social

Our student social is a great way to meet other students before the meeting begins and to network with Dance Medicine and Science students from across the globe! For this years’ student social we have lined up a special treat for our student delegates! A backstage tour of the Finnish National Ballet Company and a chance to hear about their Healthy Dancer Programme. We will then head to the conference welcome drinks and on to grab pizza and a drink afterwards. Meet us at 6pm on Thursday 25th October in the hotel lobby.

 

Other student events and sessions include our student and young professionals networking event, the student roundtable and a workshop session: Dance Science in the Digital Age.

 

Tags:  Annual Conference 

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Student perspectives: Dance Science in Finland

Posted By IADMS Student Committee, Monday, October 15, 2018

Student perspectives: Dance Science in Finland

With the Helsinki conference fast-approaching we were excited to talk to Finnish dance science student Oonasofia (Sofia) Saukkonen to find out more about the dance science scene in Finland! Sofia is a physiotherapist and dance scientist who graduated with an MSc from the University of Bedfordshire, UK in 2017. Currently, Sofia is working on a number of research projects, in addition to completing her BA in Dance Teaching at a Finnish university.

 

 

 - How did you first get interested in dance science/medicine?

 

Sofia: I am a physiotherapist and a dance scientist. The dance studio was my second home ever since I stepped there for the first time as a three-year old. As a teenager I started to dream of a professional career in dance and along the way, while working as a dancer and a dance teacher, I developed an interest in the functioning and biomechanics of the human body. I became a physiotherapist. After this, an MSc in dance science allowed me to deepen my understanding of dance practice from physiological, psychological, and biomechanical perspectives.

 

 

- Are you currently working on any research? Can you give us your elevator pitch about your research area?

Sofia: My forthcoming research will investigate improving dancers’ turnout, following my dissertation which focused on the same area. I am keen to better understand how dancers’ alignment may improve or deteriorate their performance, as well as its relation with injuries. I am also highly interested in the benefits of dance training for the non-dancing populations and how dance could benefit different groups of people used both in rehabilitation and as preventative practice.

 

 

- What are your plans now you've graduated?

 

Sofia: I graduated with an MSc from the University of Bedfordshire, UK in 2017 after which I have been doing some teaching at the university and focusing on a dance film project. The project is done in cooperation with a Finnish association run by women living with cancer (Siskot ry). Simultaneously I am finishing a BA in Dance Teaching in a Finnish university and planning my next research project that I will carry out in Finland. In the future, I hope to provide the Finnish dance community with information of dancers’ training and well-being, based on dance scientific research – in Finnish language.

 

 

- Can you tell us a bit about the dance medicine and science ‘scene’ in Finland?

 

Sofia: As mentioned before, I did my MSc in dance science in the UK. This programme does not exist in Finland. Instead, specializing in dance medicine e.g. for a physiotherapist happens often having background in dance, and by making the right choices during and after studies; with internships and dissertation subjects one has an opportunity to choose a path in dance medicine.

The key organization in dance medicine and science in Finland is DHF (Dance Health Finland ry). DHF works in promoting the well-being of Finnish dance students and professionals, but also aims to enhance the knowledge of Finnish health professionals working in the dance field. DHF also has a register for professionals working in the dance medicine field for dancers to easily find the right help as needed. We have some great experts specialized in dance medicine.

 

 

- What can you tell us about the arts and dance in Finland?

 

Sofia: In Finland, there are tens of thousands of recreational dancers. Professional dance activities, especially the number of companies and choreographers have grown strongly in recent decades. With a population of only 5.5 million people there are still many educational paths for one to aspire to a professional career in dance; four vocational schools and four universities offering higher education. Finnish professional dancer education is of a high standard and the dancers and choreographers often find employment not only in Finland but also internationally. They work in performing and increasingly also in other art-based activities such as community dance projects.

There are regional dance centres aiming to improve dancers’ employment, to increase dancers’ working possibilities, and supporting dancers’ collaboration; many professional organizations exist to support dance professionals in their work e.g. in providing training possibilities, developing the quality of dance education, or offering help in law-related matters. For a small country there is a great variety of dance festivals around the year. There is a magazine of the artists, phenomena and ideas on the Finnish dance scene publishes in English called ‘Finnish Dance in Focus’.

Probably the greatest and most important ongoing project now in dance in Finland is the Dance House Helsinki project. The Dance House will open its doors in 2020 and aims to help Helsinki become one of the leading cities of dance in Europe and worldwide. It will be open for all forms of dance providing versatile opportunities for collaboration, performance spaces, and high-level programme hoping to increase the number of dance spectators as well as international visits to Finland.

 

 

- What would you say to a student thinking of attending this year’s annual meeting in Helsinki, Finland?

 

Sofia: Helsinki is a vibrant and laid-back yet active city with charming architecture. One third of Helsinki is covered in green areas. It can be easily explored by foot and close to the conference venue you can find interesting places to visit whether you are into contemporary art (Kiasma), museums (The National Museum of Finland), walks in green parks next to water (City Park Hesperian Puisto), restaurants, or shopping in the centre. Within walking distance there are also the. Helsinki Music Centre and Finnish National Opera.

Public transportation is easy to use, and you will get along in English no matter where you go as most Finns speak fluent English. Last year the lowest temperature was -5°C and the highest +14°C in October so I guess it is good to be prepared for anything! Finland is a country with 188 000 lakes, the Northern Lights, and it is said to be the greenest country in the world. It is the home of Santa Claus, and one of the few countries where lost wallets often get returned to their owners. Not only is the IADMS Conference itself a great reason to visit Helsinki but if willing, you will find exciting things to explore and iconic places to see on your free time. I warmly welcome you to my home country!

 

For more information in English:

Dance Health Finland (DHF): https://www.dhf.fi/4

Dance House Helsinki: https://tanssintalo.fi/en/about-us/

Dance Info Finland: https://www.danceinfo.fi/en/infobank-category/education/

(Dance education, festivals, residencies, organizations, companies, and choreographers etc.)

 

Guides and Things to Do in Helsinki:

https://www.myhelsinki.fi/en

http://www.visitfinland.com/helsinki/

 

 

Tags:  5 Questions With  Annual Conference 

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Student and Young Professional Events at IADMS 2018

Posted By IADMS Student Committee, Monday, October 15, 2018

Our annual conference is fast approaching and there are some exciting student events this year!

Here’s a rundown of what not to miss if you’re a student or young professional heading to Helsinki this month…

 

Dance Science in the Digital Age

What? A workshop-style session focusing on the professional development of our student members through sharing real stories and experiences from early career dance medicine and science professionals with a focus on social media and online entrepreneurship.

When? Thursday 25th October, 5.00pm - 5.30pm

Where? Room Explore

 

Student and Young Professional Networking Workshop

What? An opportunity for students to connect with professionals and to build networks in their area of interest.

When? Thursday 25th October, 5.30pm - 6.00pm

Where? Room Explore

 

Student Social

Our student social is a great way to meet new faces at the beginning of the conference and to network with Dance Science students from across the globe!

What? This year we have a special treat lined up for our student delegates! A backstage tour of the Finnish National Ballet Company and a chance to hear about their Healthy Dancer Programme. We will then head to the conference welcome drinks and on to grab pizza and a drink afterwards.

When? Thursday 25th October, Finnish National Ballet Company Tour/Talk 6pm-7.30pm,

IADMS Welcome Drinks 7.30-9pm, Pizza and drinks, 9pm

Where? Meet at 6pm in the conference hotel lobby we will walk over together to the National Ballet. Pizza and drinks at Linko PizzaBar (a short walk from the welcome drinks).

 

Student Committee exhibit table

What? For the first time this year the student committee have an exhibit table. Come and find us among all the other exhibitors, meet your student committee, find out about upcoming initiatives such as mentorship and student affiliates and let us know what you think about the conference and what we can do in the future to help students to get the most out of it.

When? We will be manning the table in all of the conference breaks, grab a tea and come and say hello to your student committee!

Where? Exhibit Hall

 

Student Roundtable

What? An opportunity to gain insights from an international group of students on a range of topics and issues affecting students of dance medicine and science. Also a great opportunity to meet the IADMS student committee, hear about upcoming initiatives for IADMS student members and let them know what things you would like to see on offer in the future!

When? Friday 27th October, 1.30pm-3.30pm

Where? Room Imagine

 

 

 

Tags:  Annual Conference 

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IADMS 2018 Helsinki: Interview with 'A Day For Teachers' Speaker - Martin Puttke

Posted By IADMS Dance Educators' Committee, Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Martin Puttke

 

1 – Could you tell us about your presentation theme at the 28 th IADMS Annual Conference (#IADMS2018)?

 

The explosive development of virtuosity and technique in contemporary dance/ballet frequently encounters not only the dancer’s physical limitation but also, and most importantly, the limitations of conventional teaching methods. Occasionally choreographers forget that performers have to incorporate their creations, which very often means that the latter have to hurl defiance at their physical boundaries - resulting in health problems or even hindering their artistic performance. In this presentation I will show the basic concept of my innovative teaching and working method in classical ballet. In order to respond pedagogically and methodically to the problem above mentioned, I will make use of a special kinematic analysis of dance elements by using a method of analysis borrowed from linguistic studies: The lexical function of the so-called morphemes. In any language, the smallest indivisible and yet meaningful unit of a word is called morpheme. The human motor system consists of just such comparable smallest units of a movement, what I call motor-morphemes. These motor-morphemes constitute any human movement, regardless of whether one is walking, lifting something, does sports or, for the purpose of this study, dancing. They are the core precept of every artistic movement, in classical as well as in contemporary dance. The conceptualization "dance art native motion system" (acronym DANAMOS) considers the existence of seven motor morphemes which are used in the kinematic analysis of all elements in the classical dance canons. The reduction of the technical structure of a dance movement to its core elements, the motor morphemes, greatly facilitates the understanding and physical learning of a complex movement - and prevents the excessive and exhausting physical work, the traditional "learning by doing". Furthermore, the motor morphemes permit a focus on the performer’s sole physical condition enacting more space to the performer’s artistic creativity and technical adaption - and most importantly to the dancers’ health. I have been practicing this didactic conceptualization for more than 30 years in ballet classes for children from the age of eight, as well as working with international ballet stars. It is very simple to understand, it only demands a change of thinking about dance technique. We tested this procedure with biomechanics and mathematicians in biomechanical lab. I will be presenting the hitherto results about the seven motor morphemes in the format of graphic and video material.

 

 

2 – Why is it important to discuss this topic with the IADMS community? What are the implications of this topic to the dance sector/dance health professionals?

 

The dance art native motion system gives dance art and dance medicine a common platform. This interface enables discussions and mutual understanding that promotes the implementation of medical and curatorial clues without directly affecting the aesthetic and artistic execution of dance elements. This anthropological perspective on such sophisticated system as classical dance allows the introduction of scientific knowledge of medicine, neuro-cognition and neurophysiology, biomechanics/kinematics or physics and mathematics, without being in danger of directly influencing artistic and aesthetic issues. The IADMS community will benefit on the following topics:

● How to avoid excessive physical work in the ballet studio

● Consideration of physical / anatomical individual installations

● The avoidance of accident causes in Allegro - especially petit allegro (this aspect is the focus of my presentation)

● Misunderstandings within the schools of the classical dance about body axis or technique of take-off from the ground in jumps, for instance.

● The primacy of aesthetics - en dehors - or stylistic norms at the expense of the health of the dancer

 

 

3 – How will your presentation help dance educators to apply research with students and participants in the classroom?

 

The dance art native motion system purposely separates the artistic aspects of movement execution from the physiological and functional ones. Through kinematic analysis, teachers and students will more clearly get the opportunity to perceive and incorporate the functionality of the individual body segments. However, by taking in account the seven morphemes which will function here as a “neutral basis” of the canon of the classical dance (aka DANAMOS) teachers and students can throw in together a much more successful collaboration with the medicine and the biomechanics. The dancer will better understand the physiological and functional foundations of every artistic movement sequence. In understanding those foundations, he/she will pour it on his/her individual artistic outline. The awareness and correction of a movement will be promoted as well as the cognitive architecture of the movement. On this basis, an especial form of ideokinetic training could be used to facilitate the student’s learning process. This is of enormous importance, especially for the correction of wrong movements, in periods of convalescence and also for the prevention of accidents. I strongly believe that a worthwhile interdisciplinary collaboration amongst art, medicine, neurocognition, physics and biomechanics benefits the dance and scientific community as a whole but above all dance students and teachers in the classroom.

 

 

4 - What are your thoughts on IADMS relevance for your field of work?

 

IADMS brings together all the relevant scholars, dance pedagogues, doctors and dancers worldwide. It promotes a new sort of knowledge-sharing which is crucial for the dance community and its practical work, regardless of style or technique. The education for dance pedagogues is still lagging behind this development. Although dance medicine can not replace a deficiency of didactics and methodology it still can places the dancer's health in the foreground. Ultimately, it will inspire, guide and protect the teaching and working process with specific medical knowledge and empiricism. I am looking forward to learning new perspectives which will endow the innovational approach of the dance art native motion system.

 

 

5 - Personally, what is the importance of attending to IADMS?

 

I am confident that by attending the 2018 IADMS Conference I will gather valuable and insightful knowledge about the state of development in dance medicine and tie it in my research in dance didactics and to broaden my empirical knowledge.

 

 

6 - What do you think you are most looking forward to on this year’s conference?

 

To meet colleagues from dance medicine and dance education in order to establish interesting contacts to get beyond the conference in a hands-on exchange for future collaboration.

 

 

Martin Puttke Berlin, August 2018

 

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IADMS 2018 Helsinki: Interview with 'A Day For Teachers' Speaker - Jarmo Ahonen

Posted By IADMS Promotion Committee, Monday, October 1, 2018

 

 

Jarmo Ahonen

 

1. Could you tell us about your presentation theme at the 28th IADMS Annual
Conference (#IADMS2018)?

In dance and sports many teachers and coaches are demanding the same performances of all students. However, most people are a little bit different than the next one. Thus they should be trained more individually according their body types and especially according how they vary in bodies. The presentation gives some insight on these differences and how they could be trained safely.

 

2. Why is it import to discuss this topic with the IADMS community? 

IADMS has always been the top community to understand dancers' health and it is important that these scientific findings are brought to dance teachers' awareness.

What are the implications of this topic to the dance sector/dance health professionals?

This topic will shed light to understanding of how precious and still different people are and how they can still achieve great goals despite their differences.

 

3. How will your presentation help dance educators to apply research with students and participants in the classroom?

Dance educators are the key people to bring research in to practice. And by knowing more about the bodies of dancers teachers will be able to train students better by respecting dancers' bodies and not forcing the bodies over their anatomical limits. The real skill is to train different dancers differently.

 

4. What are your thoughts on IADMS relevance for your field of work?

IADMS and working with dancers have changed my life as a physical therapy practitioner totally. Before I got the chance to participate IADMS conferences more than twenty years ago I was seeing human movement as a very simple task. Getting to know many great minds and their work in dance medicine field opened my eyes and mind to understand the beauty of human movement and also how it can be trained more carefully.

 

5. Personally, what is the importance of attending to IADMS annual conferences?

To meet great friends from many countries. Update my knowledge on dance medicine. Getting new ideas through the workshops.

 

6.What do you think you are most looking forward to on this year's conference?

The program is so full of gems and important issues that it is truly difficult to pick one or two specials. I'll see how it rolls out and play accordingly from day to day. I always enjoy meeting these wonderful people who practice dance medicine in some form.

 

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IADMS 2018 Helsinki: Interview with 'A Day For Teachers' Speaker - Katy Chambers

Posted By K. Michael Rowley, Monday, September 24, 2018

 

Katy Chambers MSc, Royal Academy of Dance, London

 

1. Could you tell us about your presentation theme at the 28th IADMS Annual Conference (#IADMS2018)? 

 

This session will be focussed on neuromuscular activation patterns…basically what that means is that we will be exploring movement from the perspective of identifying ‘cheat patterns’ and  trying out some techniques for undoing these. I think this is exciting and relevant as dancers often hold tension in unwanted areas e.g. neck and shoulders and this can be really challenging to correct just through instruction/cueing alone.

 

Arming dancers with the tools to be the strongest and most efficient movers they can be is a potentially very valuable in performance enhancement from both physical and aesthetic perspectives.

 

Participants should expect to move a little and think a lot.

 

 

2. Why is it import to discuss this topic with the IADMS community? What are the implications of this topic to the dance sector/dance health professionals?

 

The techniques I will introduce are typically confined to use in clinical contexts however I see so much potential for use with individual and groups of dancers way beyond this. I feel passionately that dance teachers and other movement practitioners should be empowered to observe and refine their dancers’ movement through effective approaches to facilitation which help to avoid or rectify cheat patterns along with their resultant muscular imbalance and increased injury risk. This is a preventative as well as corrective approach, which is crucial in being proactive in the dance training realm.

 

 

3. How will your presentation help dance educators to apply research with students and participants in the classroom?

 

I am really excited that my session will be part of the schedule for A Day for Teachers as this will mean that, as a group, we can have an interactive practical session that will hopefully raise some questions and offers tools for teachers to take back to their studios around the world.

 

Participants will have the opportunity to evaluate their own movement strategies as well as observing those of others. We will be using worksheets within the session which will act as notes / memory aids for teachers if they wish to try out some of the new ideas and techniques with their dancers.

 

 

4. What are your thoughts on IADMS relevance for your field of work?

 

Through all disciplines represented in the IADMS membership and conference attendance, we have the shared aim of optimising experience for dancers. This approach to working has the potential to enhance performance, reduce injury risk and to empower dancers to self-direct their day to day management. IADMS offers us the opportunity to share and learn from one another in an open multidisciplinary environment.

 

 

5. Personally, what is the importance of attending to IADMS annual conferences?

 

I attend for a number of reasons, partly to catch up with like-minded colleagues from around the world and partly for the range of subjects addressed. As there are parallel sessions, I am inclined to attend many which sit outside of my own area of practice and research in order to widen the understanding I have of what is going on in the sector.

 

 

6.What do you think you are most looking forward to on this year’s conference?

 

I am really looking forward to delivering my session as I hope that participants will both enjoy it and ask lots of questions. I am anticipating it forming the start of a conversation as I’d love for teachers to keep in touch with me afterwards to share their experiences when they have the opportunity to try out the new techniques in their own teaching contexts.

Tags:  Annual Conference 

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